There are nine types of industries in media, they are: Film, Television, Music, Print, Computer Games, Advertising and Marketing, Interactive, Press and Radio. The film industry and companies like Columbia Pictures and Warner Bros. Pictures make products such as films and TV shows. Warner Bros. makes some of the best-known films and shows including Friends, Batman, Superman and Inception.
Back in 1983, around 50 corporations controlled the vast majority of all news media in the United States, however, nowadays that had been condensed to just six. In the media industry there is what’s known as “The Big Six”. This means that these six big corporations that collectively control the U.S. media. The “Six” are:
Time Warner, Walt Disney, Viacom, News Corp., BS Corporation and NBC Universal.
These six corporations all have daughter companies, for example, Disney is the parent company of ABC, ESPN, Pixar and Lucasfilm. These sister and daughter companies are how the big six own so much, they have many large companies under their name.
Legal and ethical restraints in media are there to protect people’s names and reputations. For example:
Libel (When an unjustified attack is written, published or broadcast) is there to protect people’s names and reputations, as is slander (a verbal defamation). Without these laws, people could print and broadcast what they like about a person, be it true or not, potentially ruining their reputation, career and life. There are also other rules the media industry must abide by, such as Watershed, which stops inappropriate content being broadcast too early in the day and Copyright, which stops people from taking the idea of others or Discrimination which makes it illegal to discriminate against anyone on grounds of sex, age, disability or ethnic origin.
When it comes to media regulation, it is largely related to Legal and Ethical restrains, but also goes into privacy. For example, the main targets of media regulation are the press, radio, and television, but does also include film, music, cable, satellite, storage and distribution technology (tapes, discs, etc), the internet, mobile phones, etc.
It basically relates to privacy. For example, the phone hackings by the News of the World would come under this section. It also relates to censorship. In that you can’t publish certain things. An example of this would be when someone requests “facts” from the president of the United States and, a lot of the time, much of the information is blacked out.
The media career ladder is an interesting one to climb. For example, most career ladders care about qualifications, for example, if you went into business with no qualifications you would probably start at the bottom and have to work your way up, but if you have a University degree you could probably start with a higher up job. But in the media industry it varies. So, say you wanted to be in the news industry, they would take note of qualifications, and possibly start you off higher up if you had the qualifications. But you could still start as someone who delivers the post and work your way up. But film is more about who and what you know. A university degree might help, not the qualification itself (though it might get you noticed) but the knowledge you’d gain from the course. But if you happen to be good friends with a well-established director but have no qualifications, that could still be extremely helpful, more so than a University graduate who doesn’t know anyone. Even if you have a mass amount of qualifications and went into film you could still start as a runner. However, if you’ve never worked behind the camera but are a well established actor, then it could still be quite easy to find a job as a director, even if you have to write the script yourself, which is another point. Hard as it may be to get a job in the industry, it could, arguably, be easier for a director than an actor (ignoring luck and chance) as actors sometimes have to go on countless auditions before they get a job, whereas a director could write the film themselves and producing and make they’re own work, even if it’s just to get a name an they don’t actually make a profit from it. They could also start a YouTube channel and make a name as a decent filmmaker on their and use that as a CV when trying to get bigger and better jobs (though this could also apply to actors to an extent too)